In the first part we present the first steps in the development of the monopoly industry, both national and regional. In Polish vodka production, the precursors, apart from Haberfeld, were the Baczewski families from Lviv (1782), Potocki families from Łańcut (1784) and Hartwig Kantorwicz families from Poznań (1823). They were able to develop their manufactories into large companies. The production around Oświęcim and in the city itself was much smaller. However, there was a large concentration of distillers here: Henoch Henenberg, Wiktor Leiblert and S. Kurtz. These are the significant names closely related to the history of distillery in this area. In Brzeszcze Jakób Finder ran the Małopolska Wine, Fruit Juice and Beer Warehouse Factory, which, however, in its offer, contrary to the company’s name, had vodkas, rum and liqueurs.